Adhesives - Use in the construction

Adhesives are widely employed in the factory production of plywood and panel products, laminated wood, wood structural components, and cabinetwork. Some such adhesives, most notably urea-formaldehyde, can release formaldehyde or other unhealthful gases long after the manu-facturing process is complete and the products have been placed into service in buildings. When used for interior carpentry, such products can be the source of indoor air quality problems.

Where products manufactured with adhesives or binders will be used indoors, those made with a more chemically stable exterior adhesive called phenol-formaldehyde, or with alternative formaldehyde-free adhesives, should be considered. Finishes or veneers that encapsulate composites also reduce emissions from the glues and binders used in their manufacture.

Adhesives are used less on the construction site, where it is more difficult to clamp and hold glued  joints and to maintain controlled environmental conditions until the adhesive has cured. In rough carpen-try work, adhesive is most commonly used for securing subflooring panels to wood framing (Figure 5.27). In this application, mastic sealant is applied using a sealant gun. The joint between the subß oor panel and the joist framing is then clamped by nailing or screwing the panels to the framing, the fasteners serving as the primary structural connection and the adhesive acting primarily to reduce squeaks in the floor. Adhesives of various types are also used in finish carpentry, usually in combination with nails or screws, to improve the strength and stability of joints in finish trim, site-built cabinets, and other architectural woodwork.

For a stiffer, quieter fl oor, subflooring  should be glued to the joists. The adhesive is a thick mastic that is  squeezed from a sealant gun on the tops of the joists just before the subfl  ooring  is laid in place.
Figure 5.27 For a stiffer, quieter fl oor, subflooring  should be glued to the joists. The
adhesive is a thick mastic that is  squeezed from a sealant gun on the tops
of the joists just before the subfl  ooring  is laid in place.

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